The Twelve Brothers
Twelve sons of the king escape, are turned into ravens and are saved by their sister through a vow of silence. Sister becomes queen.
There were once on a time a king and a queen who lived happily together and had twelve children, but they were all boys. Then the King said to his wife, "If the thirteenth child which thou art about to bring into the world, is a girl, the twelve boys shall die, in order that her possessions may be great, and that the kingdom may fall to her alone." He caused likewise twelve coffins to be made, which were already filled with shavings, and in each lay the little pillow for the dead, and he had them taken into a locked-up room, and then he gave the Queen the key of it, and bade her not to speak of this to any one.
The mother, however, now sat and lamented all day long, until the youngest son, who was always with her, and whom she had named Benjamin, from the Bible, said to her, "Dear mother, why art thou so sad?"
"Dearest child," she answered, "I may not tell thee." But he let her have no rest until she went and unlocked the room, and showed him the twelve coffins ready filled with shavings. Then she said, "My dearest Benjamin, thy father has had these coffins made for thee and for thy eleven brothers, for if I bring a little girl into the world, you are all to be killed and buried in them." And as she wept while she was saying this, the son comforted her and said, "Weep not, dear mother, we will save ourselves, and go hence." But she said, "Go forth into the forest with thy eleven brothers, and let one sit constantly on the highest tree which can be found, and keep watch, looking towards the tower here in the castle. If I give birth to a little son, I will put up a white flag, and then you may venture to come back, but if I bear a daughter, I will hoist a red flag, and then fly hence as quickly as you are able, and may the good God protect you. And every night I will rise up and pray for you—in winter that you may be able to warm yourself at a fire, and in summer that you may not faint away in the heat."
After she had blessed her sons therefore, they went forth into the forest. They each kept watch in turn, and sat on the highest oak and looked towards the tower. When eleven days had passed and the turn came to Benjamin, he saw that a flag was being raised. It was, however, not the white, but the blood-red flag which announced that they were all to die. When the brothers heard that, they were very angry and said, "Are we all to suffer death for the sake of a girl? We swear that we will avenge ourselves!—wheresoever we find a girl, her red blood shall flow."
Thereupon they went deeper into the forest, and in the midst of it, where it was the darkest, they found a little bewitched hut, which was standing empty. Then said they, "Here we will dwell, and thou Benjamin, who art the youngest and weakest, thou shalt stay at home and keep house, we others will go out and get food." Then they went into the forest and shot hares, wild deer, birds and pigeons, and whatsoever there was to eat; this they took to Benjamin, who had to dress it for them in order that they might appease their hunger. They lived together ten years in the little hut, and the time did not appear long to them.
The little daughter which their mother the Queen had given birth to, was now grown up; she was good of heart, and fair of face, and had a golden star on her forehead. Once, when it was the great washing, she saw twelve men's shirts among the things, and asked her mother, "To whom do these twelve shirts belong, for they are far too small for father?" Then the Queen answered with a heavy heart, "Dear child, these belong to thy twelve brothers." Said the maiden, "Where are my twelve brothers, I have never yet heard of them?" She replied, "God knows where they are, they are wandering about the world." Then she took the maiden and opened the chamber for her, and showed her the twelve coffins with the shavings, and pillows for the head. "These coffins," said she, "were destined for thy brothers, but they went away secretly before thou wert born," and she related to her how everything had happened; then said the maiden, "Dear mother, weep not, I will go and seek my brothers."
So she took the twelve shirts and went forth, and straight into the great forest. She walked the whole day, and in the evening she came to the bewitched hut. Then she entered it and found a young boy, who asked, "From whence comest thou, and whither art thou bound?" and was astonished that she was so beautiful, and wore royal garments, and had a star on her forehead. And she answered, "I am a king's daughter, and am seeking my twelve brothers, and I will walk as far as the sky is blue until I find them." She likewise showed him the twelve shirts which belonged to them. Then Benjamin saw that she was his sister, and said, "I am Benjamin, thy youngest brother." And she began to weep for joy, and Benjamin wept also, and they kissed and embraced each other with the greatest love. But after this he said, "Dear sister, there is still one difficulty. We have agreed that every maiden whom we meet shall die, because we have been obliged to leave our kingdom on account of a girl." Then said she, "I will willingly die, if by so doing I can deliver my twelve brothers."
"No," answered he, "thou shalt not die, seat thyself beneath this tub until our eleven brothers come, and then I will soon come to an agreement with them."
She did so, and when it was night the others came from hunting, and their dinner was ready. And as they were sitting at table, and eating, they asked, "What news is there?" Said Benjamin, "Don't you know anything?" "No," they answered. He continued, "You have been in the forest and I have stayed at home, and yet I know more than you do." "Tell us then," they cried. He answered, "But promise me that the first maiden who meets us shall not be killed." "Yes," they all cried, "she shall have mercy, only do tell us."
Then said he, "Our sister is here," and he lifted up the tub, and the King's daughter came forth in her royal garments with the golden star on her forehead, and she was beautiful, delicate, and fair. Then they were all rejoiced, and fell on her neck, and kissed and loved her with all their hearts.
Now she stayed at home with Benjamin and helped him with the work. The eleven went into the forest and caught game, and deer, and birds, and wood-pigeons that they might have food, and the little sister and Benjamin took care to make it ready for them. She sought for the wood for cooking and herbs for vegetables, and put the pans on the fire so that the dinner was always ready when the eleven came. She likewise kept order in the
little house, and put beautifully white clean coverings on the little beds, and the brothers were always contented and lived in great harmony with her.
Once on a time the two at home had prepared a beautiful entertainment, and when they were all together, they sat down and ate and drank and were full of gladness. There was, however, a little garden belonging to the bewitched house wherein stood twelve lily flowers, which are likewise called students. She wished to give her brothers pleasure, and plucked the twelve flowers, and thought she would present each brother with one while at dinner. But at the self-same moment that she plucked the flowers the twelve brothers were changed into twelve ravens, and flew away over the forest, and the house and garden vanished likewise. And now the poor maiden was alone in the wild forest, and when she looked around, an old woman was standing near her who said, "My child, what hast thou done? Why didst thou not leave the twelve white flowers growing? They were thy brothers, who are now for evermore changed into ravens." The maiden said weeping, "Is there no way of delivering them?"
"No," said the woman, "there is but one in the whole world, and that is so hard that thou wilt not deliver them by it, for thou must be dumb for seven years, and mayst not speak or laugh, and if thou speakest one single word, and only an hour of the seven years is wanting, all is in vain, and thy brothers will be killed by the one word."
Then said the maiden in her heart, "I know with certainty that I shall set my brothers free," and went and sought a high tree and seated herself in it and span, and neither spoke nor laughed. Now it so happened that a king was hunting in the forest, who had a great greyhound which ran to the tree on which the maiden was sitting, and sprang about it, whining, and barking at her. Then the King came by and saw the beautiful King's daughter with the golden star on her brow, and was so charmed with her beauty that he called to ask her if she would be his wife. She made no answer, but nodded a little with her head. So he climbed up the tree himself, carried her down, placed her on his horse, and bore her home. Then the wedding was solemnized with great magnificence and rejoicing, but the bride neither spoke nor smiled. When they had lived happily together for a few years, the King's mother, who was a wicked woman, began to slander the young Queen, and said to the King, "This is a common beggar girl whom thou hast brought back with thee. Who knows what impious tricks she practises secretly! Even if she be dumb, and not able to speak, she still might laugh for once; but those who do not laugh have bad consciences." At first the King would not believe it, but the old woman urged this so long, and accused her of so many evil things, that at last the King let himself be persuaded and sentenced her to death.
And now a great fire was lighted in the courtyard in which she was to be burnt, and the King stood above at the window and looked on with tearful eyes, because he still loved her so much. And when she was bound fast to the stake, and the fire was licking at her clothes with its red tongue, the last instant of the seven years expired. Then a whirring sound was heard in the air, and twelve ravens came flying towards the place, and sank downwards,and when they touched the earth they were her twelve brothers, whom she had delivered. They tore the fire asunder, extinguished the flames, set their dear sister free, and kissed and embraced her. And now as she dared to open her mouth and speak, she told the King why she had been dumb, and had never laughed. The King rejoiced when he heard that she was innocent, and they all lived in great unity until their death. The wicked step-mother was taken before the judge, and put into a barrel filled with boiling oil and venomous snakes, and died an evil death.
So after she had blessed her sons, they went out into the forest. One by one they kept watch, sitting on the tallest oak and looking up at the tower. When eleven days had passed and it was Benjamin's turn, he saw a flag being put up. But it was not the white flag, but the red flag of blood, proclaiming that they should all die. When the brothers heard this, they became angry and said, "should we suffer death for the sake of a girl! We swear that we will take revenge. Where we find a girl, her red blood shall flow."
Then they went deeper into the forest, and in the middle of it, where it was darkest, they found a small cursed cottage, which stood empty. There they said: "Here we want to live, and you, Benjamin, you are the youngest and weakest, you shall stay at home and keep house. The rest of us will go out and get food." Now they went into the forest and shot hares, wild deer, birds and squab and whatever else was to be eaten. They brought this to Benjamin, who had to prepare it for them so that they could satisfy their hunger. They lived together in the cottage for ten years, and the time was not long for them.
The little daughter that her mother, the queen, had given birth to had now grown up, was good of heart and beautiful of face and had a golden star on her forehead. Once, when there was a big wash, she saw twelve men's shirts underneath and asked her mother, "Whose are these twelve shirts?" They are much too small for her father, aren't they?" She answered with a heavy heart: "dear child, they belong to your twelve brothers. Said the girl: "where are my twelve brothers, I have never heard of them." She answered: "God knows where they are. They are wandering about in the world." Then she took the girl and unlocked the room for him, and showed him the twelve coffins with the wood shavings and the death kisses. "These coffins," she said, "were meant for your brothers, but they left secretly before you were born," and told him how everything had happened. Then the girl said, "Dear mother, do not cry, I will go and look for my brothers."
Now it took the twelve shirts and went away and straight into the big forest. He walked all day and in the evening he came to the cursed cottage. There it entered and found a young boy, who asked, "where do you come from and where do you want to go?" And he was amazed that she was so beautiful, wore royal clothes and had a star on her forehead. Then she answered, "I am a king's daughter, and I am looking for my twelve brothers, and I will go as far as the sky is blue until I find them." She also showed him the twelve shirts that belonged to them. Then Benjamin saw that it was his sister, and said, "I am Benjamin, your youngest brother." And she began to weep for joy, and Benjamin also. And they kissed and caressed each other, with great love. After that he said, "dear sister, there is still a reservation. We had agreed that any girl who met us should die, because we had to leave our kingdom for the sake of a girl." Then she said, "I will gladly die if by so doing I can redeem my twelve brothers." "No," he answered, "you shall not die, sit down under this barrel until the eleven brothers come. Then I will already become one with them." So she did. And when night had come, the others came from the hunt and the meal was ready. And as they sat at the table and ate, they asked, "What news?" And Benjamin asked back, "don't you know anything?" "No" they answered. He continued, "you have been in the forest and I have stayed at home, and yet I know more than you." "So tell us," they cried. He answered: "do you promise me that the first girl we meet will not be killed?" "Yes," they all cried, "that shall have mercy, only tell us." Then he said: "Our sister is here" and lifted up the barrel and the king's daughter came out in her royal clothes with the golden star on her forehead, and was so beautiful, tender and fine. Then they all rejoiced and fell around her neck and kissed her and loved her dearly.
Now she stayed at Benjamin's house and helped him with his work. The eleven went into the forest, caught game, deer, birds and squab, so that they had food. And the sister and Benjamin made sure that it was prepared. She looked for the wood for cooking and the herbs for vegetables. And she put the pots on the fire, so that the meal was always ready when the eleven came. She also kept the house in order and made the beds white and clean. And the brothers were always satisfied and lived in great harmony with her.
For a time, the two of them had prepared a nice meal at home. And when they were all together, they sat down, ate and drank and were full of joy. But there was a small garden at the cursed little house, in it stood twelve lily flowers, which are also called students. Now she wanted to make her brothers happy, broke off the twelve flowers and thought to give one to each of them for dinner. But as she had broken off the flowers, at the same moment the twelve brothers were transformed into twelve ravens and flew away over the forest. And the house with the garden had also disappeared. There the poor girl was alone in the wild forest. And as she looked around, an old woman stood beside her and said, "My child, what have you done? Why did you not leave the twelve white flowers? They were your brothers, and now they are forever turned into ravens." The girl said, crying, "is there no way to redeem them?" No," said the old woman, "there is none in the whole world. Only one, but it is so hard that you will not free them with it, for you must be mute for seven years, you must not speak or laugh, and if you speak a single word, and only one hour is missing in the whole seven years, all is in vain, and your brothers will be killed by that one word." Then the girl said out of her heart, "I know for certain that I will redeem my brothers," and went and looked for a tall tree, and sat down on it and stretched, and did not speak or laugh. Now it happened that a king was hunting in the forest, and he had a great greyhound. He ran to the tree where the girl was sitting on it, jumped around, screamed and barked up. Then the king came and saw the beautiful king's daughter with the golden star on her forehead, and was so enchanted by her beauty that he called out to her whether she wanted to become his wife. She gave no answer, but nodded her head a little. Then he climbed the tree himself, carried her down, put her on his horse and led her home. There the wedding was celebrated with great pomp and joy. But the bride did not speak and did not laugh. When they had lived together happily for a few years, the king's mother, who was a wicked woman, began to denigrate the young queen and said to the king, "It is a mean beggar girl that you have brought with you, who knows what ungodly pranks she is secretly doing. If she is dumb and cannot speak, she might yet laugh once, but he who does not laugh has an evil conscience." The king did not want to believe it at first, but the old woman went on so long and accused her of so many evil things that the king was finally persuaded and condemned her to death.
Now a great fire was lit in the courtyard, and she was to be burned in it. And the king stood up at the window and watched with weeping eyes, because he still loved her so much. And when she was already tied to the stake and the fire licked at her clothes with red tongues, the last moment of the seven years had just passed. Then a whirring could be heard in the pleasure, and twelve ravens came down and swooped down. And as they touched the earth, it was her twelve brothers whom she had redeemed. They tore the fire apart, extinguished the flames, set their dear sister free, kissed her and caressed her. But now that she was allowed to open her mouth and speak, she told the king why she had been mute and had never laughed. The king rejoiced when he heard that she was innocent. And they now all lived together in unity until their deaths. The wicked stepmother was tried and put into a barrel filled with boiling oil and poisonous snakes, and died a nasty death.